PROTANDIM is a patented product, and it is apparently the special, proportionate combination of ingredients that makes it special. Here is the list of actual ingredients:
"Protandim - A unique blend of Phytonurients that signal the body's genes to produce its own antioxidant enzymes with much more antioxidant power than conventional antioxidant supplements.
Protandim Ingredients Important. It is the BLEND in Protandim that is patented.
Milk Thistle Extract - (Silybum Marianum) Biennial Thistle with large clasping white blotched leaves and purple flower heads. Naturalized in South America, and California.
Bacopa Extract - (Bacopa Monnieri) Otherwise known as Waterhissop. A perennial; creeping herb grown throughout India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, China, Taiwan, Vietnam, and also found in Florida. Has a number of uses in Ayurvedic medicine. Studies have shown it has anti anxiety effects in humans and memory capacity and motor learning on rats.
Ashwagandha Root - (Withania Somnifera) A member of the pepper family. Also known as Indian Ginseng, Winter Cherry, and others. Grows in India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. Traditional and Ayurvedic uses include treatment of memory loss, and numerous other applications.
Green Tea Leaf Extract - (Camellia Sinensis) Tropical evergreen shrub cultivated in China, Japan, and India. Have been used in traditional medicine to treat Asthma functioning as a bronchodilator. Studies showed that it can reverse resistance of methicillin in bacteria's such as Staph.
Turmeric Extract Rhizome - (Curcuma longa) native to India and is the source of a culinary spice known as Tumeric. Plant is part if the Ginger family. Its strong anti oxidant and anti inflammatory characteristics are its most obvious medical properties.
Terms relevant to the Ingrediants in Protandim
Glutathione - is a tripeptide. It contains an unusual peptide linkage between the amine group of cysteine and the carboxyl group of the glutamate side chain. Glutathione, an antioxidant, protects cells from toxins such as free radicals.
Superoxide Dismutase - (SOD) are a class of enzymes that catalyze the dismutation of superoxide into oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. As such, they are an important antioxidant defense in nearly all cells exposed to oxygen. One of the exceedingly rare exceptions is Lactobacillus plantarum and related lactobacilli, which use a different mechanism.
Tbars - The sensitivity of measuring Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances (TBARS) has made this assay the method of choice for screening and monitoring lipid peroxidation, a major indicator of oxidative stress.
Phytochemicals - are plant-derived chemical compounds such as diindolylmethane, some of which under scientific research for their potential health-promoting properties. Phytochemicals (or "phytonutrients") are non-essential nutrients, but many have been scientifically confirmed as being beneficial to human health.
Catalase - (CAT) is a common enzyme found in nearly all living organisms which are exposed to oxygen, where it functions to catalyze the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen. Catalase has one of the highest turnover numbers of all enzymes; one molecule of catalase can convert millions of molecules of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen per second.
Antioxident Enzymes - Form the first line of defense against free radicals in organisms. Their regulation depends mainly on the oxidant status of the cell, given that oxidants are their principal modulators. However, other factors have been reported to increase antioxidant enzyme activity and/or gene expression.
Oxidative Stress - is caused by an imbalance between the production of reactive oxygen and a biological system's ability to readily detoxify the reactive intermediates or easily repair the resulting damage. All forms of life maintain a reducing environment within their cells. This reducing environment is preserved by enzymes that maintain the reduced state through a constant input of metabolic energy. Disturbances in this normal redox state can cause toxic effects through the production of peroxides and free radicals that damage all components of the cell, including proteins, lipids, and DNA.
Free Radicals - The free-radical theory of aging states that organisms age because cells accumulate free radical damage over time. A free radical is any atom or molecule that has a single unpaired electron in an outer shell. While a few free radicals such as melanin are not chemically reactive, most biologically-relevant free radicals are highly reactive. For most biological structures, free radical damage is closely associated with oxidative damage. Antioxidants are reducing agents, and limit oxidative damage to biological structures by passivating free radicals.
Non-Essential Nutrients - Nutrients can be divided into two groups -- nonessential and essential. The distinction between the two depends on whether we need to obtain them from food or not. For nonessential nutrients, such as cholesterol, we don't have to get them from food, because our bodies can produce them. For essential nutrients, such as fats, food is either the major or the only source for us to attain them. There are over 40 different types of essential nutrients, and scientists categorized them into six groups -- carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water." (quote is from the company website)